9.2.1. 使用 PBKDF2 对密码进行加密(salt)和散列(hash)运算

ring-badge data-encoding-badge cat-cryptography-badge

对于通过 PBKDF2 密钥派生函数 pbkdf2::derive 生成的加密(加盐算法)密码,使用 ring::pbkdf2 进行散列(哈希)运算,使用 pbkdf2::verify 验证散列(哈希)运算是否正确。salt 值是使用 SecureRandom::fill 生成的,salt 字节数组被其安全生成的随机数填充。

use data_encoding::HEXUPPER;
use ring::error::Unspecified;
use ring::rand::SecureRandom;
use ring::{digest, pbkdf2, rand};
use std::num::NonZeroU32;

fn main() -> Result<(), Unspecified> {
    const CREDENTIAL_LEN: usize = digest::SHA512_OUTPUT_LEN;
    let n_iter = NonZeroU32::new(100_000).unwrap();
    let rng = rand::SystemRandom::new();

    let mut salt = [0u8; CREDENTIAL_LEN];
    rng.fill(&mut salt)?;

    let password = "Guess Me If You Can!";
    let mut pbkdf2_hash = [0u8; CREDENTIAL_LEN];
    pbkdf2::derive(
        pbkdf2::PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA512,
        n_iter,
        &salt,
        password.as_bytes(),
        &mut pbkdf2_hash,
    );
    println!("Salt: {}", HEXUPPER.encode(&salt));
    println!("PBKDF2 hash: {}", HEXUPPER.encode(&pbkdf2_hash));

    let should_succeed = pbkdf2::verify(
        pbkdf2::PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA512,
        n_iter,
        &salt,
        password.as_bytes(),
        &pbkdf2_hash,
    );
    let wrong_password = "Definitely not the correct password";
    let should_fail = pbkdf2::verify(
        pbkdf2::PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA512,
        n_iter,
        &salt,
        wrong_password.as_bytes(),
        &pbkdf2_hash,
    );

    assert!(should_succeed.is_ok());
    assert!(!should_fail.is_ok());

    Ok(())
}